Importance in Interior Design
A floor is defined as a rigid structure in a building by which the space is divided horizontally to make stories. It is the bottom of a room. This part of the building is made of strengthening materials like panels and wood panels and is supported by steel or wood beams. Then to reinforce it, a slab of concrete or stones is laid or it may be a concrete slab that has to be supported by concrete columns and beams.
The floor is a structure of the building that has to carry a lot of weight. It should have the capacity to bear all the lively activities of the people living in that building and should uphold the weight of all the furnishing material occupying the floor.
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In order to prevent the sagging of the floor assembly, the horizontal supports (underneath the top surface) and the vertical supports (that intersect forming a frame) —-both must be large enough and closely spaced.
Construction of floor
There exists a lot of variety in flooring and it is the main thing that catches one’s attraction as he enters the house and feels its texture when walking on it. The floor is the thing that spreads across all the area (length and breadth) of the house or building. It is of utmost importance to choose the right and best material in the construction of the floor because it is the most used part of a building and easily goes through wear and tear.
Types of Floor
Following are some main types of floors;
Mud flooring, also known as earthen or adobe flooring is basically made up of raw earth, dirt, and other waste ground materials. In modern times, mud floors are constructed with a mixture of clay, sand, and finely chopped straws.
Mud floors are very common in rural areas (villages)where villagers select the easiest and cheapest option to build their houses. It is the best insulator as it remains cold in summer and hot in winter. Due to this reason, it is the most preferred floor type in regions where the weather is very harsh.
In this type of floor, a brick topping is made. It is easy to construct such type of floors but their texture is rough and absorbs moisture causing dampness in the building.
In warm weather, they provide a cooling effect when water is sprinkled on them and thus are suitable for houses where the summer season is harsh. It is also the most preferred type of floor in warehouses and godowns.
On the tile floor, the topping is made of tiles. There go a high variety (both in quality and beauty) of tiles. They may also vary in color, thickness, texture, and shape.
In the construction of the tile floor, a thin layer of cement mortar is spread. When the surface mortar hardens, tiles are laid on a wet bed of cement mortar (6mm thick)
Suitability Importance in Interior Design
This floor is mostly preferred for paving courtyards and also in modern buildings where glazed floor tiles enhance their beauty.
The topping of the flagstone floor is made of stone slabs and the size of the stone slabs varies. It follows the same method as of tile floor. Before laying, the slabs are soaked in water for one hour. Then they are bedded in cement mortar.
This type of floor is very suitable in stores, pavements, motor sheds, etc.
Cement Concrete Floor (Conglomerate Floor)
In this type of floor, the topping is of cement concrete and that is why it is called conglomerate floor or cement concrete floor.
These floors are very common these days.
Advantages of Concrete Floor
Advantages of concrete floors are;
- They are durable and hard
- They provide a non-absorbant and smooth surface
- Fire Resistant
- They provide easy sanitation and can easily be washed and cleaned.
- Their maintenance cost is low and thus is very economical.
Types of Concrete Floor
- Non-monotonic floor finish floor
- Monotholic floor finish floor
Importance of Floor in Interior Designing
Floors are a crucial part of a building and play a key role in interior design. The beauty and durability of a building all depend on the texture and quality of the floor. The floor acts as a foundation in our exclusive design and has a great impact on the overall success of a building.
As visual is our first interaction with the space, the first physical interaction with that space is the flooring. Are you looking for “online interior design”?
Complimentary flooring is a must in any building, regardless of which style or design you choose. It is all because the floor is the most used surface in our homes and thus it should withstand constant use while maintaining its quality and appearance.
The top researched elements while purchasing flooring is style, pricing, and quality. If you opt for cheap material, it will not last. Now, flooring is also viewed as a significant investment in building a house. However, there is a wide variety of options in every budget. One has to be very careful and cautious while purchasing flooring and must buy from form a reliable source.